DepEd COT – Classroom Observation Tool

The creation of the Classroom Observation Tool (COT), which is based on the growth-oriented framework of the Philippine Professional Standards for Teachers (PPST), promotes DepEd’s act to develop one tool for evaluating teachers’ classroom performance. According to DO no 42, s 2017 (among other goals), DepEd aims to “apply the same criteria to evaluate teacher performance, recognize the needs, and assist in professional development.”

The development and validation of the Results-Based Performance Management System (RPMS) Tools and Manual took three years, including over 400 educators from all over this country, including master teachers, principals, supervisors, DepEd regional directors, as well as other educators. Furthermore, nearly 10,000 pre- and in-service teachers, principals, supervisors, and regional directors, along with other educators, as well as members from governmental and non-governmental organizations, contributed to the development and validation of the PPST.

deped classroom observation tool form COT


Teachers need to use Classroom Observation Tools (COT) to evaluate and enhance their methods of teaching. With the help of these tools, teachers and students can watch and assess a variety of aspects of classroom education, such as student involvement, teacher-student interactions, and the general classroom environment.

Ensuring high-quality education is made possible by classroom observation. It gives administrators the ability to evaluate instructional strategies, provide teachers with helpful criticism, and have a beneficial impact on student conduct. They can also use it to evaluate student involvement and make sure teachers are adhering to curricular requirements.

Aligned RPMS Tools for Philippine Professional Standards for Teachers (PPST)

The two distinct teacher assessment instruments—one for Master Teacher I to IV (Highly Proficient Teachers) and one for Teacher I to Ill (Proficient Teachers)—are covered by the RPMS tools.

All of the tools provide information on the roles and responsibilities teachers have at different career stages, along with the Key Result Areas (KRAs) that help fulfill those roles and the particular goals that need to be met to reach the KRAs. It also provides a detailed presentation of the several Means of Verification (MOV) that are used to demonstrate the accomplishment of particular goals in conjunction with performance indicators ranging from excellent to subpar.

Ready Individual Performance Commitment and Review Form (IPCRF)

These tools prioritize quality over quantity, guarantee instructor efficacy, encourage professional development, and are useful in the real world. This set of RPMS tools was created by and for teachers; it addresses the problems that teachers faced when creating their IPCRFs and gathering lengthy, pointless MOVs. It also makes sure that teachers’ performance and methods of instruction are evaluated in a uniform and impartial way.

In light of the new RPMS tools in the Manual, it makes sense to point out that teachers can now concentrate on teaching since they will no longer need to create or construct their own Individual Performance and Commitment Review Forms (IPCRF).

The Classroom Observable Strands of PPST

The 21 classroom observable strands in the nationally validated Philippine Professional Standards for Teachers (PPST) are where the COT indicators have been selected from. The Proficient career stage indicators provide the terminology that is utilized in the COT indicators.

Domain 1: Pedagogy and Content Knowledge

Strand 1.1: Application of content knowledge both within and across curriculum areas

Strand 1.3: Making Good Use of ICT

Strand 1.4: Methods for advancing numeracy and reading

Strand 1.5: Techniques for fostering higher-order thinking abilities such as critical and creative thinking

Strand 1.6: Teaching and Learning in Mother Tongue, Filipino, and English

Strand 1.7: Communication techniques in the classroom

Domain 2: Educational Environment

Strand 2.1: Security and safety of learners

Strand 2.2: Equitable educational environment

Strand 2.3: Overseeing the organization and activities of the classroom

Strand 2.4 Encourages learner involvement

Strand 2.5: Encouragement of purposeful education

Strand 2.6: Handling behavior of learners

Domain 3: Learner Diversity

Strand 3.1: Gender, needs, abilities, passions, and experiences of the learners

Strand 3.2 Language, cultural, socioeconomic, and religious backgrounds of the learners

Strand 3.3: Talents, giftedness, and learners with disabilities

Strand 3.4: Learners facing challenging situations

Strand 3.5: Learners from native ethnicities

Domain 4: Planning and Curriculum

Strand 4.1: Organizing and supervising the process of teaching

Strand 4.5: ICT-based teaching and learning resources

Domain 5: Reporting and Assessment

Strand 5.1: Development, selection, arrangement, and use of evaluation techniques

Strand 5.3: Using feedback to enhance teaching

Classroom Observation Tool Forms

Observation Notes Form

This form is used by observers to document their specific findings and remarks made while monitoring a classroom.

Downloadable Form Link:

DepEd COT - Classroom Observation Tool

Rating Sheet

Using this form, observers record the rating or level that the observed teacher has obtained for each indicator.

Downloadable Form Link:

DepEd COT - Classroom Observation Tool

Inter-observer Agreement Form

If more than one observer is present, this form is used to discuss and decide the teacher’s final rating.

Downloadable Form Link:

DepEd COT - Classroom Observation Tool

Note: These forms are available through their regional DepEd office and/or website to be downloaded by teachers, principals, and institutions.

Video: COT for TEACHERS I-III SY 2023-2024 | Observable Indicators with clear Explanation and Examples

In the video below, YouTube teacher Binibining Lindsay discusses what a Classroom Observation Tool (COT) is and what teachers need to know to pass the observable indicators.

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