STRAND in Senior High Explained

To foster lifelong learners, prepare graduates for postsecondary education, middle-level skill development, employment, and entrepreneurship, and provide ample time for concept and skill mastery, the K–12 Program encompasses Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education, comprising 6 years of primary education, 4 years of Junior High School (JHS), and 2 years of Senior High School (SHS). Key phases in the K–12 Program comprise Kindergarten through Grade 3, Grades 4–6, Grades 7–10 (JHS), and Grades 11–12 (SHS). The program provides a total of 13 years of basic education.

Also Read: CHED: Commission on Higher Education Philippines

Learners who complete the two years of senior high school will be better prepared for the workforce, entrepreneurship, higher education (college), or skill development (more tech-voc training).

STRAND in Senior High

STRAND in Senior High

Two years of specialized upper secondary education make up Senior High School (SHS), where learners may choose a specialization based on their skills, interests, and what is available in the institution. The subjects that a learner will take in SHS will depend on their chosen career track. There are four tracks available to SHS learners: Academic, Technical-Vocational-Livelihood (TVL), Sports, and Arts and Design.

There are four strands in the academic track: Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM) Strand, Science, Technology, Humanities and Social Science (HUMSS), Strand Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Strand, and General Academic Strand (GAS)

Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM) Strand

The ABM Strand is geared for individuals who aspire to pursue professions in business, entrepreneurship, or other similar fields, or who aspire to enroll in business-related courses in postsecondary education.

ABM Strand Subjects

  • Applied Economics
  • Business Ethics and Social Responsibility
  • Business Finance
  • Fundamentals of Accountancy, Business, and Management 1
  • Fundamentals of Accountancy, Business and Management 2
  • Organization and Management
  • Principles of Marketing
  • Research
  • Work Immersion

Humanities and Social Science (HUMSS) Strand

The Humanities and Social Sciences (HUMSS) Strand is an additional academic track strand designed for learners who aspire to pursue such subjects at the university level.

HUMMS Strand Subjects

  • Community Engagement, Solidarity, and Citizenship
  • Creative Nonfiction
  • Creative Writing/ Malikhaing Pagsulat
  • Disciplines & Ideas in Applied Social Sciences
  • Disciplines & Ideas in Social Sciences
  • Introduction to World Religions and Belief Systems
  • Philippine Politics and Governance
  • Critical Thinking, Trends, and Networks in the 21st Century
  • Work Immersion / Culminating Activity

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Strand

The Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Strand is offered to SHS learners who have an interest in or skill for math, science, or engineering subjects.

STEM Strand Subject

  • Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction
  • Earth Science
  • General Biology 1
  • General Biology 2
  • General Chemistry 1
  • General Chemistry 2
  • General Physics 1
  • General Physics 2
  • Pre-Calculus
  • Research
  • Work Immersion

General Academic Strand (GAS)

The General Academic Strand, the fourth strand in the Academic Track, consists of subjects chosen from the other strands. Learners who are still unsure about their specialization should take this strand.

GAS Strand Subjects

  • Applied Economics Organization and Management
  • Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction
  • Elective 1
  • Elective 2
  • Humanities 1
  • Humanities 2
  • Research
  • Social Science 1
  • Work Immersion

There are four strands in the Technical-Vocational-Livelihood (TVL) track:

Also Read: Republic Act 10533: Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013

Agri-Fishery Arts (AFA)

The Agri-Fishery strand was developed to facilitate practical learning and skill development in aquaculture and agribusiness. Learners will be taking a range of subjects related to other occupations, such as landscape installation, animal husbandry, rubber manufacturing, and food processing.

AFA Strand Subjects


  • Agricultural Crops Production
  • Fish Wharf Operation


  • Agricultural Crops Production
  • Artificial Insemination (Large Ruminants)
  • Animal Production (Large Ruminants)
  • Animal Production (Poultry-Chicken)
  • Animal Production (Swine)
  • Aquaculture
  • Fish Capture
  • Fishing Gear Repair and Maintenance
  • Fish-Products Packaging
  • Food Processing
  • Landscape Installation and Maintenance
  • Organic Agriculture
  • Pest Management
  • Rice Machinery Operations
  • Rubber Processing
  • Rubber Production
  • Slaughtering Operations (Hog/Swine/Pig)


  • Animal Health Care Management
  • Horticulture

Home Economics (HE)

A range of specializations related to home-based livelihood projects are available within the HE strands. The goal of this strand is to equip the learner with employable skills that will enable them to get the right job.

HE Strand Subjects


  • Handicraft (Basketry, Macrame)
  • Handicraft (Fashion Accessories, Paper Craft)
  • Handicraft (Needlecraft)
  • Handicraft (Woodcraft, Leathercraft)


  • Theme Parks Operations and Attractions with Ecotourism
  • Barbering
  • Bartending
  • Beauty/Nail Care
  • Bread and Pastry Production
  • Caregiving
  • Cookery
  • Dressmaking
  • Food and Beverage Services
  • Front Office Services
  • Hairdressing
  • Housekeeping
  • Local Guiding Services
  • Tailoring
  • Tourism Promotion Services
  • Travel Services
  • Wellness Massage


  • Commercial Cooking
  • Events Management Services
  • Fashion Design (Apparel)
  • Hairdressing

Industrial Arts (IA)

Learners’ skills and expertise in carpentry, driving, automotive maintenance, electronics repair, electrical installation, welding, plumbing, and tile setting will all be taught in the IA strand.

IA Strand Subjects


  • Automotive Servicing
  • Machining
  • Plumbing
  • Shielded Metal Arc Welding


  • Automotive Servicing
  • Carpentry
  • Construction Painting
  • Domestic Refrigeration and Air-conditioning (DOMRAC) Servicing
  • Driving
  • Electrical Installation and Maintenance
  • Electric Power Distribution Line Construction
  • Electronic Products Assembly and Servicing
  • Furniture Making (Finishing)
  • Instrumentation and Control Servicing
  • Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
  • Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)
  • Machining
  • Masonry
  • Mechatronics Servicing
  • Motorcycle/Small Engine Servicing
  • Plumbing
  • Shielded Metal Arc Welding
  • Tile Setting
  • Transmission Line Installation and Maintenance


  • Carpentry
  • Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning (Packaged Air-Conditioning Unit [PACU] / Commercial Refrigeration Equipment [CRE]) Servicing

Information and Communications Technology (ICT)Learners’ career in information and communication technology can be trained by taking the ICT strand. Learners will gain extensive knowledge of computer systems, programming, web page creation, and basic animation from it.

ICT Strand Subjects


  • Animation
  • Broadband Installation (Fixed Wireless Systems)
  • Computer Systems Servicing
  • Contact Center Services
  • Illustration
  • Medical Transcription
  • Technical Drafting
  • Telecom OSP & Subscriber Line Installation (POTS / Copper Cable and DSL)
  • Telecom OSP Installation (Fiber Optic Cable)


  • Computer Programming (.Net Technology)
  • Computer Programming (Java)
  • Computer Programming (Oracle Database)

Also Read: TESDA: Technical Education and Skills Development Authority Philippines


Senior High School equips learners with the global skills, competencies, and information necessary to pursue successful professional pathways in the future, consequently preparing them for college life. To learn about the tracks and strands associated with the subjects for incoming Senior High School (SHS) Learners, watch the video below.

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